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5 ways to save your heart




  • Major preventable risk factors for cardiovascular disease include tobacco smoking, hypertensive disease
    (high blood pressure), high blood cholesterol, inadequate physical activity, overweight and obesity, poor nutrition and diabetes (AIHW 2004)


Facts about Cardiovascular Disease

USA - Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention

About Heart Attack

Heart attack:

  • It is estimated over 380,000 Australians have had a heart attack at some time in their lives.
  • Each year, around 55,000 Australians suffer a heart attack.  
  • This equates to one heart attack every 10 minutes.
  • Heart attack claimed 9,811 lives in 2011, or on average, 27 each day.


Cardiovascular disease:

  • is heart, stroke and blood vessel diseases
  • kills one Australian every 12 minutes
    5 people die every hour
  • 120 people die every day
  • 840 people die every week
    3360 people die every month
    more than died in the twin towers in New York
    and THAT was a devastating national event.

    It happens here EVERY MONTH, but do we care?

    40,320 people die every year.

  • affects one in six Australians or 3.7 million
  • prevents 1.4 million people from living a full life 
    because of disability caused by the disease
  • affects two out of three families
  • CVD was the main cause for 482,000 hospitalisations in 2009-10 and played a secondary role in a further 800,000
  • claimed the lives of 45,600 Australians (31% of all deaths) in 2011 - deaths that are largely preventable



Signs and Symptoms of Heart Failure

Common symptoms of heart failure include:


  • Shortness of breath during daily activities.
  • Having trouble breathing when lying down.
  • Weight gain with swelling in the feet, legs, ankles, or stomach.
  • Generally feeling tired or weak.



Recommendations for CVD prevention


  • No use of tobacco.
  • Adequate physical activity - at least 30 minutes 5 times a week.
  • Healthy eating habits.
  • No overweight (body-mass index (BMI) of less than 25 kg/m).
  • Keep a blood pressure of lower than 140/90 mm Hg.
  • Blood cholesterol below 5.0 mmol/L /190mg/dl.
  • A LDL cholesterol concentration of less than 3.0 mmol/L.
  • Normal glucose metabolism.
  • Avoidance of excessive stress.
  • Use appropriate prophylactic drugs when necessary.
  • Screen close relatives of patients with premature cardiovascular disease.



The rationale for prevention of cardiovascular disease:


  • The mass occurrence of CVD relates strongly to lifestyles and modifiable physiological factors.
  • The underlying pathology is usually atherosclerosis, which develops insidiously over many years and is usually advanced by the time the symptoms occur.
  • Death, myocardial infarction and stroke nevertheless frequently occur suddenly and before medical care is available, and many therapeutic interventions are therefore inapplicable or palliative.
  • Risk factor modifications have been unequivocally shown to reduce mortality and morbidity, especially in people with either unrecognised or recognised CVD.




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